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701, 2016

Patients Need Patient Advocates

By |January 7th, 2016|Current Health Topics|0 Comments

Doktor und Patient Handeschütteln

I just got off the phone with a good friend who’s been struggling with some medical issues. I heard the defeat in her voice right away when I asked how she’d been doing.

Susan mentioned that she’d seen her gastroenterologist the previous week. “Dr. Snark was irritated with me.”

I’d heard this before about Dr. Snark and not just from Susan. But now she was more vulnerable, less able to shake it off. She’d had gastrointestinal problems for the last year and hadn’t been feeling well. Plus, she’d been given some potentially frightening news about plaque in her arteries. In her mid seventies and a widow, she didn’t need a doctor to disrespect her.

The phone to my ear, I said, “What do you mean he was irritated? What happened?”

“I was describing my symptoms and he cut me off and told me to stick to the point. And not in a nice way either. He was obviously very irritated.”

“That’s not okay,” I said, picturing Dr. Snark, the head of gastroenterology at a teaching hospital, treating Susan like that. I’d encountered his unpleasant manner myself once.

Susan continued. “He also said I had so many things wrong with me, so many medical issues to deal with.” She sighed. “It just made me feel bad.”

“Must have made you feel kind of like giving up,” I said. “If your own doctor can’t handle your medical issues, who can?”

“Yes, exactly,” she said, waking up. Just being validated made her feel like less of a source of dissatisfaction to her doctor. “That’s exactly how I felt. I came home and I guess I’ve been here ever since.”

Some doctors just don’t realize the effect they have on patients. You can make all the excuses you want about them being pressed for time, how healthcare hasn’t been kind to most doctors in the last few years, how non-compliant patients feed their frustration, and more. But there’s no excuse for a patient leaving a doctor’s office with her hope in the palm of her hands.

Recently, Susan had been told that plaque in her arteries was causing her leg pain. Susan is astute enough to know that blockages can cause heart attacks and strokes. She’d begun a fairly rigorous walking regime, which her internist advised her to do in effort to avert major surgery. According to Susan, her internist had said that walking might help to get the blood moving in her legs.

But that news had caused her to feel more vulnerable, old. She didn’t need a gastroenterologist to make her feel worse.

“Did you say anything to Dr. Snark? “

Feeling protective of my friend, I wanted to hear that she told him to F*off. Part of my anger, I’m sure, was due to having been in a similar position with a couple of arrogant doctors four years ago. I’d had severe, chronic, lower abdominal pain for 16 months and saw 11 physicians in effort to get an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.

Most of the physicians I saw tried their best and sincerely wanted to help me. But two doctors didn’t and wrote me off as a difficult patient. 10 misdiagnoses later, I found my own diagnosis in a New York Times article and the surgeon and hernia specialist to heal me. She did the appropriate tests, performed three-hour surgery to repair the muscle tear at my C-section site that had nerves pinched in the holes and an inguinal hernia with nerve involvement as well. Thanks to her, I’ve been pain free for over four years. And I don’t take being pain free lightly after what I went through. I am immensely grateful to her.

Susan exhaled and I could envision her shoulders falling forward. “No, I kept quiet.”

“I hope you never go back to him,” I said, probably a little more forcefully than I should. “You shouldn’t be treated that way. Besides,” I added, “You know how he over-tests to make more money.”

Susan managed a weak laugh. “He wants me to have an endoscopy every year.”

“Is that because of the pre-cancerous condition in your throat? Something connected to GERD?” I’d asked her before for the name of the diagnosis but never heard it in a clear way.

Susan tried to wave me off. “Oh, I don’t know. Something that could turn cancerous.”

I jumped in with both feet. “I think you need a second opinion on the diagnosis Dr. Snark gave you about your throat and the pre-cancerous condition. Besides, a good relationship between you and your doctor is essential for good care. You have to feel comfortable with your doctor and you don’t with Snark.”

“True,” Susan said. “My internist recommended that I ask Dr. Snark for a breath test because of the ongoing diarrhea, nausea and bloating.” She paused. “You know how long I’ve been dealing with this.”

“Yes, longer than I did.” My gastroenterologist ordered several tests and a breath test. I tested positive for bacterial overgrowth and after the medication, I feel better than I have in a long time.

“Dr. Snark refused to give me a breath test.”

“What? Why?”

“He said I had one in 2009 and it was negative.”

“But it’s 2016.” I was winding up, anger fueling my words. “Did you explain to him that your internist recommended a breath test?”

“Yes, I told him. He wants to do another endoscopy.”

I exhaled sharply. I wondered if Dr. Snark denied the breath test because he makes less money since that test is done at the hospital and the endoscopy is done in the surgery center that he owns. I kept my thoughts to myself.

Her voice wavering, Susan said, “I don’t want another endoscopy right now. Something about it just doesn’t feel right. Seems like I just had one.”

“Listen,” I said as adrenalin lit my brain. “Here’s the name and phone number of my gastroenterologist. At least see him for your current symptoms and get a second opinion on your throat thing.” As we spoke, I emailed her his contact information and link to his website.

And then something occurred to me. “Who gave you the diagnosis of the blockage in your legs?” Once again I wished that Susan would share the exact diagnoses given by her doctors. Maybe she was afraid that I would research them and find out they were worse than she’d thought.

“My internist.”

“Did you recently get imaging tests done?”

“No, only the full body scan from two or three years ago that the cardiologist ordered.”

“Did your internist have the imaging tests there with her when you saw her?”

“No, just the report from the cardiologist.”

I asked, “Did that report specifically say you had blockage in the arteries in your legs? I don’t remember you mentioning that when you had that full body scan. But it’s been a while.“

Susan was silent on the other end. “I don’t know.”

Did she have the right diagnosis? At least 5 percent of outpatients experience diagnostic errors, and I suspect that percentage is very low.  I suggested that Susan go back to the cardiologist for the pain in her legs. I repeated the importance of seeing a new gastroenterologist for her current gastrointestinal symptoms and for a second opinion on the throat/GERD issue.

Susan perked up. “You know, as we’re talking I’m beginning to see things a little more clearly. I haven’t been feeling well and I just am not on top of things. I just took what Dr. Snark said to heart and that was it.”

“It happens to everyone,” I said. “Especially if you aren’t feeling well. Let me help you get your records and information together so you’ll be prepared when you see the next two doctors.”

Susan thanked me and said she felt much better. Patients most always feel better when they take some control over their healthcare and become a part of the equation, part of the discussion and decision-making. I emailed her a to-do list and offered to help her create her own packet of health information with symptom diary, medication list, allergies to medications, list of questions for doctors, copies of pertinent medical records, and more.

I wonder how patients with multiple medical conditions or complex cases make it through our fragmented healthcare system alone. Especially if they aren’t feeling well. How does anyone advocate for themselves successfully without becoming overwhelmed or confused?

We all need patient advocates to assist with our doctor visits and hospital stays. We need them to help sift through the quagmire of fragmented care, the lack of communication between doctors, to encourage second opinions, to research diagnoses, medications, treatments and tests. To help us remember what we might have forgotten when clinicians convey complex medical information.

Advocates should be provided and paid for by health insurance. It would certainly help patients and could very well help the bottom line of health insurance companies.

With preventable medical errors taking the lives of 400,000 people a year, and costing our country one trillion dollars annually, don’t you think we need to change something with our system?

Not every patient is able to be an effective self-advocate. Not every patient has someone to help them. Not every patient can or is willing to deal with online patient portals, Health IT, apps, and more. Sometimes it just comes down to the need for a caring human being to help.

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211, 2015

The Toyota Effect: Improving Healthcare Delivery

By |November 2nd, 2015|Current Health Topics|0 Comments

UnknownWhen you think of Toyota auto manufacturing, you might not think of healthcare. But in the new short film series, The Toyota Effect, one of these short films does. And the results are impressive.

The first film, Saving Sight, by academy award-nominee Keif Davidson, features the intervention of the Toyota Production System (TPS) with the struggling Harbor-UCLA Medical Center’s eye clinic, which treats the underserved patient community in Southern California. In a moving story, a patient, Liseth, is featured. She is nearly blind and in need of immediate eye surgery. However, she is on a wait list for  surgery along with hundreds of other patients who are forced to wait months for treatment. Many go blind in the process.

Harbor-UCLA Medical Center reached out to Toyota for help. They didn’t know what was wrong with their operations but understood that working in chaos had stretched their hospital staff beyond capacity.

With the help of Toyota, Harbor-UCLA was able to streamline the efficiency of their operating system and enlist the support of hospital employees as problem solvers. With simple steps such as color-coding their system, they are now treating patients with urgent needs more quickly. Liseth had her eye surgery and has recovered her sight. The hospital’s wait list has now been eliminated.

The second film of The Toyota Effect, entitled 116 Innovators by award-winning director Steve James, is about the Chicago company, ACE Metal Crafts, a U.S. steel manufacturing company that grew so quickly that its capacity was completely outpaced by growth. The CEO of the company, Jean Pitzo, reached out to Toyota for help. With the assistance of TPS, chaos was quickly replaced by employees working in collaboration. Production time was shortened by several weeks. ACE Metal Crafts was able to satisfy more customers and become more competative in the marketplace.

In the film, Pitzo explained that TPS taught her that the leaders of a company disrespect their employees when the system isn’t flowing efficiently. In partnership with TPS, Pitzo and her staff streamlined the operations, thereby increasing employee satisfaction and motivation.

Imagine if Toyota Production System were to partner with our major hospitals in the U.S. to streamline their operations and to help their doctors and nurses feel more valued and respected.

Initially, clinicians and hospital administrators might be apprehensive about TPS intervening. They might be hesitant to welcome a large company to come in and identify problems and offer solutions. But if you consider the 210,000-440,000 people who die from preventable medical errors every year, maybe it’s time they consider some outside help.

Staff from TPS reports a commitment to zero job loss for employees of organizations they work with. They claim to focus on people, on supporting them in their jobs. As a result, employees experience increased personal investment in their work.

According to a 2011 American Nurses Association survey, three out of four nurses reported feeling stressed and burned out. The ANA attributed problems of fatigue and burnout to a chronic nursing shortage.

46 percent of physicians reported feeling burnout, according to a Medscape Physician Lifestyle report.

Imagine if TPS were to work with hospitals with the highest rates of burnout among their clinicians and employ their successful strategies. Isn’t it possible that we’d have fewer preventable medical errors? If employees were trained to work together in teams, to collaborate with one another, and even to contribute ideas to solve problems, isn’t it possible that quality of care and patient safety would be greatly improved?

According to the World Health Organization, effective teamwork in healthcare can have an immediate and positive impact on patient safety.

Because TPS is a process-oriented approach, it can be applied to any hospital or healthcare organization. This approach involves taking an objective view of the internal process of an organization, analyzing workflow, and implementing small steps to fix deep, underlying problems.

Preventable medical errors are tragic examples of our dysfunctional healthcare system. The U.S. healthcare system is rated 37th in the world, and that’s behind Costa Rica and Slovenia. Healthcare spending hit 3.1 trillion in 2014. According to the CommonWealth Fund, U.S. healthcare is the most expensive in the world and yet underperforms relative to other countries on most dimensions of performance.

Maybe it’s time we look to Toyota Production System and ask for help with developing a “lean” healthcare system in the U.S.

To view The Toyota Effect short films see here.

I welcome your comments.

710, 2015

Diagnostic Errors: new IOM report emphasizes patients’ collaboration with doctors

By |October 7th, 2015|Current Health Topics|0 Comments

If you weren’t aware of the prevalence and severity of diagnostic errors, (misdiagnosis, missed diagnosis, delayed diagnosis) you might be now.

The Institute of Medicine (IOM ) released a new report called, Improving Diagnosis in Health Care. The report cited that most people will experience one or more diagnostic errors over their lifetimes. It also revealed that diagnostic errors contribute to 10 percent of patient deaths and account for up to 17 percent of hospital adverse events. But because of a scarcity of reporting and research on diagnostic errors, those numbers might be very conservative.

According to Mark Graber, MD, president of The Society to Improve Diagnosis in Medicine, diagnosis is wrong 10-15 percent of the time.

It happened to me. 10 times to be exact. During a 16-month long, severe chronic pain condition, I received 10 misdiagnoses from 11 physicians with different specializations. Along with the 10 misdiagnoses came 15 procedures and tests. Luckily, I found my own diagnosis in a New York Times article, In Women, Hernias May Be Hidden Agony

The surgeon and hernia specialist featured in the article, Shirin Towfigh, MD, diagnosed me correctly. She performed 3-hour surgery to repair a muscle tear in my C-section site and an inguinal hernia with a nerve pinched in the hole. I’ve been pain free for over 4 years and I am very grateful to her.

Some aren’t so lucky. Take Rory Staunton who was misdiagnosed in the ER with an upset stomach and dehydration. He died from severe septic shock brought on by a bacterial infection. There are countless others whose cancer or heart attacks were completely missed or misdiagnosed as innocuous ailments.

Arriving at a diagnosis can be an allusive process, not always easily uncovered through physical exams or tests. What contributes to misdiagnoses or missed diagnoses? See the Society to Improve Diagnosis website for causes.

The IOM report produced a number of recommendations for clinicians and insurers to improve diagnosis. It also emphasized patient and family collaboration with doctors. Since patients and their loved ones are such an important part of the diagnostic process, it’s essential that you know what you can do to help improve your chances of receiving an accurate diagnosis.

Here is where you come in.

As a patient, you are in partnership with your doctor. To be an effective team player you need to be an active participant in your care, not simply a passive recipient. If you aren’t feeling well enough to be proactive and form a mutual collaboration with your doctor, ask a loved one to assist. For more information on how to do this, please see my book, The Take-Charge Patient.

Free Patient’s Toolkit see here http://thetakechargepatient.com/patient-tool-kit.html You do not have to input any personal information for the free download.

Tips to Help Ensure an Accurate Diagnosis

Symptom Diary

  • Before you see your doctor, create a symptom diary. Document your symptoms in a notebook, on your smart phone or other electronic device. Answer these questions:
  • What are your symptoms?
  • Where are they located?
  • What makes your symptoms worse or better, such as exercise or eating a meal?
  • Time of day your symptoms are better or worse?
  • What you have tried to alleviate your symptoms? Did they help or not?
  • If pain accompanies your symptoms or pain is the symptom, track it. On a scale of 1-10, 10 being the worst, document it every day.
  • Bring your symptom diary with you to see your doctor and enter into a dialogue with him/her.

List of Questions Before You See Your Doctor

Create a list of questions before you see your doctor. This allows you to think about what you need to focus on. Document the answers and pieces of the conversation you believe are important.

You Are Given a New Diagnosis

If you are given a new diagnosis from your doctor, consider asking these questions:

  • What is my diagnosis and what does it mean?
  • Are there any other possible diagnoses for my symptoms?
  • How did you arrive at this diagnosis? I.e.: test results, physical exam, radiology report, etc.
  • What is my treatment plan?
  • When do I follow up with you about my treatment plan?

If You Suspect a Misdiagnosis

If your treatment is not helping your symptoms, discuss it with your doctor. It’s possible that there is an alternative treatment that might work better for you.

  • Ask your doctor if it’s possible that you might have a different diagnosis.
  • Work with your doctor.

Ask That Tests Be Repeated or Read by a Different Clinician

Tests can be wrong or they can be read incorrectly. Ask that tests be done a second time or read by another doctor. Many doctors read reports given to them by radiologists regarding any imaging studies you’ve had. Ask that your doctor or another doctor read those tests.

Get Copies of your Medical Records

Obtain copies of your pertinent tests such as MRI, CT scan, X-ray, blood test results, surgery/op report. You should have all of these anyway in a health file at home, but if you don’t, simply make the request. You might have to sign a form or pay a small fee. Bring your own copies of tests to each new doctor you see.

Get a A Second Opinion

Patients are sometimes afraid to get second opinions. Please don’t be. It is your right and should not offend any medical professional.

  • Ask a doctor you respect and have confidence in to recommend a specialist.
  • Ask an RN or other healthcare professional for a recommendation.
  • Ask/email your loved ones, colleagues and any physicians you know for a respected physician to see for a second opinion. You will see some of the same names recommended.

Every Time You See a New Doctor

Bring all the items listed above with you to each and every medical appointment with a new doctor. Take notes while you’re there.

Bring a Loved One with You

It’s not easy for anyone to hear, much less remember correctly, what a doctor says. Especially if you aren’t feeling well. Bring a loved one with you to each appointment with a doctor. Ask that person to take notes. You can review the information with that person at a later time.

Research a Diagnosis

If you are informed about your diagnosis, you will be better prepared to ask questions. To research a diagnosis go to credible websites such as:

  • medical school websites.
  • medical society or academy websites.
  • disease organization websites.
  • government websites.

Googling symptoms and diagnoses can easily lead you to inaccurate information and scary stories.

My Patient’s Toolkit is here. http://thetakechargepatient.com/patient-tool-kit.html Free download. You don’t have to input your email address or contact information. It is free to you to use at your leisure.

For more information, please visit www.thetakechargepatient.com

 

710, 2015

Patients Secretly Record Visits With Their Doctors

By |October 7th, 2015|Current Health Topics|0 Comments

Recently, I accompanied my husband to an office visit with his orthopedic surgeon. Jamie had been experiencing set backs in his recovery from major surgery. I went with him because it can be pretty hard to distill medical information on the spot, much less remember it. I wanted to document what the surgeon said so I could research it later. The more information Jamie had, the more of an informed choice he could make about his treatment options. My husband was in pain, something that interferes with recall even in the best of situations. I hoped that if I were with him, it might also help him feel more at ease.

Since I suspected this office visit might contain some complicated and possibly stressful information, I considered recording what the surgeon said by using an app on my iPhone. I envisioned asking the doctor’s permission to record the conversation and decided against it because he might not have responded well to that idea. Some physicians and other providers react with suspicion and a defensive medicine posture when asked by patients to record what they’ve said.

My husband’s surgeon had a reputation for highly successful surgeries but not the greatest bedside manner. He’d always been pleasant with us, but since my husband’s recovery had been compromised with episodes of pain, I decided that an audio device could have instigated alarm. That would have interfered with the doctor’s focus on Jamie. With only 7-10 minutes, we had to make the most of this office visit. I wanted my husband out of pain.

In place of an audio recording, I took notes instead.

Healthcare professionals are well aware that patients experience anxiety in their exam rooms. It’s called white coat syndrome or white coat hypertension. Anxiety interferes with cognitive function, especially memory, making it difficult not only to process medical information, but to remember it. Besides, medical information can be complex. It’s hard to understand, especially in a foreign and uncomfortable medical environment such as a doctor’s office.

40-80 percent of medical information conveyed by healthcare practitioners is forgotten immediately by patients. Half of information retained by patients is incorrect. That’s such a small percentage that you’d think doctors would be handing out their own recordings to patients for every office or hospital visit. It might actually help with discharge planning from hospitals.

In theory, it should be perfectly acceptable for patients to record conversations with their medical providers. It’s a known fact that physicians are plagued by lack of follow through with treatment advice. What might be interfering with treatment adherence for patients is overwhelm or information overload. Others might be challenged with hearing impairment or low health literacy levels.

How many times have you visited a doctor and left the office only to forget some of what the doctor explained and told you to do next? I know I have.

But recording brings up fear of medical malpractice lawsuits for some physicians, even if permission is requested ahead of time. According to American Medical News, recording of the visit between doctor and patient could “exacerbate physicians’ temptation to practice defensive medicine.”

It’s hard for me to imagine that patients wouldn’t ask permission to record what their doctors tell them. But according to the KPCC article, When is it OK to record your doctor’s orders? patients are in fact secretly recording conversations with their doctors without asking permission first.

Talk about a blow to the patient-provider relationship.

Why not just ask a physician or other provider if it’s okay to record the conversation? All you have to do is explain that it’s hard to digest medical information as well as remember treatment instructions and you want to refer to the information so you get it right. Why record in secret?

To secretly record an office visit is a violation of trust. In California, the law specifies that both parties have to be aware that a recording is in place. Doctors are already afraid of being sued. Why would any patient surreptitiously tamper with the relationship with his/her doctor, something that is considered the cornerstone of quality care? Just ask the question. If permission to record is denied, you can either take notes or find another doctor.

In my most recent book, The Take-Charge Patient, I emphasize the importance of documenting the information your doctor gives you because it’s just too easy to misunderstand, forget, or walk out of the office without all your questions answered. It’s helpful if a doctor or other provider has a patient portal with access to notes and records, but that doesn’t take the place of your own documentation.

Tips to Remember What the Doctor Tells You

  • Prepare questions for your doctor ahead of time. This allows you to think about what you want out of the office visit.
  • Document the answers in a notebook, on your smart phone or other device. You will be able to reference instructions and explanations later when you are in a more relaxed environment.
  • Bring a loved one with you to take notes for you.
  • Some physicians and other providers offer a summary of your office visit. Ask if your provider offers this. But in addition, take your own notes.
  • Ask for a copy of tests performed by the doctor or imaging center at the time of service.

 

There are many more tips for patients’ visits with medical providers. I offer a free and no obligation Patient Toolkit on my website www.thetakechargepatient.com

 

2907, 2015

Rapid Increase of Cyber Attacks on Patients’ Medical Records: 8 tips to protect your data

By |July 29th, 2015|Current Health Topics|0 Comments

Your personal health information in your medical records might be scattered across a few doctor’s offices, a clinic or two, or even a hospital. Your health insurer certainly stores some important personal information about you. If you’re like me, you’ve changed health insurers a couple of times since the advent of the Affordable Care Act. This means that more than one health insurance company has your social security number, home address, phone number, email address, name of employer, list of diagnoses and possible medications. Just enough for a cyber criminal to snap it up in a few seconds and then monetize and sell your private information on the black market.

I don’t hear many talking about this. Few seem to be concerned even though major news media have been sounding the alarm for a couple of years.

Maybe it’s time to listen up.

There has been a sharp increase in cyber attacks and security breaches in healthcare organizations, exposing millions of patients and their medical records. According to a new Ponemon Institute study in May of 2015  criminal attacks on hospitals, clinics, healthcare providers and health insurers are up 125 percent since 2010. The study also revealed that most healthcare organizations are still unprepared to protect patient data. Nearly 90 percent of healthcare providers were breached in the last two years.

Why would cyber hackers want information in your medical records?

Cyber criminals are after your medical records because your personal information is all in one place and unlike credit card numbers, cannot be easily changed. Poached from your medical records are social security numbers, birthdates, medical IDs, addresses, and personal health information. This is a gold mine for criminals who retrieve your information and use it for their benefit, and at your risk.

I’m sure you’ve heard about the recent cyber breach at UCLA Health Systems. Hackers broke into the network and may have accessed personal patient information from 4.5 million patients’ medical records. 

My physician’s practice was bought by UCLA a while back, so this could directly affect me. Maybe you too.

This comes on the heels of the major cyber breach into Anthem, Inc., which affected 80 million Americans.  Anthem is the 2nd largest health insurer in the U.S.

Last year alone, health records on 88.4 million people were breached as a result of theft or hacking. Data that was exposed were names, birthdays, medical IDs, social security numbers, street addresses, email addresses, employment information and income data.

UCLA and Anthem are only two of the major organizations whose networks were hacked for all kinds of valuable information for cyber criminals to sell on the black market. The list includes Premera Blue Cross, Community Health Systems, The U.S. Postal Service, The U.S. Government Office of Personal Management, Sony, Staples, Kmart, Home Depot, JP Morgan, and many more.

With the onset of electronic medical records (EMR), healthcare organizations are particularly vulnerable. Their security is often less sophisticated than other organizations.

Reuters reported, “Your medical information is worth 10 times more than your credit card number on the black market.” 

Fraudsters use your personal data from medical records to create fake IDs, take out loans, open up lines of credit, and buy medical equipment or drugs that can be resold. They can also combine patient numbers with false medical provider numbers and file false claims with health insurers.

These criminals can also impersonate you to obtain health services.

After the Blue Cross cyber security breach, one patient discovered that his medical records were compromised after he started receiving bills for a heart procedure he never had. In addition, his personal info from his medical records was used to buy expensive medical equipment which incurred thousands of dollars in fraud.

“All healthcare organizations, regardless of size, are at risk for data breach,” revealed the Ponemon Institute study.

It’s time to wake up.

Unlike stolen credit cards, which can be easily detected and cancelled, if your personal medical information is stolen from your medical records, it might not be detected for years. Your medical records could be compromised with diagnoses that don’t belong to you, wrong blood types, and other errors. This could be serious if you have an urgent medical situation.

Note: If you are a caregiver for a patient, it is very important to be vigilant for him/her too, especially if the patient is elderly. 

Tips to Protect Yourself (or a patient you care for)

1. Ask your doctor or hospital about the security of their electronic medical records.

2. Request copies of your medical records and review them for errors.

3. Review your Explanation of Benefits (EOBs) that you receive by mail or have access to on your health plan’s website. Check for errors.

4. If you notice any errors, alert your healthcare provider or health insurer immediately.

5. Each time a medical provider requests your social security number, ask if the last four digits will suffice.

6. If you store copies of your medical records online be sure it has a secure platform.

7. Keep an eye on your credit report. Unpaid medical bills can be reflected in your credit rating.

8. If you have been informed that your healthcare provider or insurer has suffered a security breach:

-Change all your passwords.

-Contact a major credit reporting agency and request that a fraud alert be placed on your account.

-If you received a letter about a security breach that could affect you, accept the free offer for credit monitoring, if applicable.

For further information, see my article published on KevinMD, How Much Health Care Data is Mined Without Your Knowledge?  

Please visit www.thetakechargepatient.com

107, 2015

Patient as Data Hub: get copies of your medical records

By |July 1st, 2015|Current Health Topics|4 Comments

For years I’ve encouraged patients to obtain copies of their medical records at the time of service. Whether an MRI, CT scan, lab results, reports from surgeries, procedures and more, it is essential that patients have their own copies so they can personally hand over what is needed for meetings with specialists, second opinions, or new consultations with medical providers. No one wants to have waited a month for a second opinion with a busy specialist only to find out during the appointment that requested medical records never arrived from a previous doctor’s office, hospital, imaging center or facility. It happens all the time.

In my latest book, The Take-Charge Patient: How You Can Get The Best Medical Care, I devote an entire chapter to the importance of gathering copies of pertinent medical records and placing them in a health file at home. You never know when you’ll need that MRI and if you do, timing might be crucial and you might not have time to wait.

It’s all about independence as a patient and taking charge of what you can.

Take Cheryl, a Medicare patient in an extremely busy internist’s office. She is scheduled for necessary surgery and has the required pre-op exam. Checking out at the office front desk, she requests that her pre-op exam report be sent to her surgeon’s office ASAP as her surgery is scheduled for the following week. “No problem,” the front desk person says.

Four days before her surgery, Cheryl receives a phone call from the surgeon’s office. She is informed that they still have not received a copy of the pre-op exam and that she cannot have the surgery without it. Cheryl calls her internist’s office, and again speaks to the front desk person who insists that her record was already sent to the surgeon’s office. Cheryl tells her that Dr. X hasn’t received it and asks if it could be sent again.

Another day goes by and still Dr. X’s office has not received a copy of her pre-op exam report. Out of frustration and a sense of urgency, Cheryl arrives at her internist’s office and requests a copy of her medical record for herself so she can send it to Dr. X’s office. Her surgery is important and the wait time for it would have been six weeks had it not been for a cancellation. Cheryl has to pay a small fee but leaves the office with a copy of her medical record in hand.

This could have so easily been prevented.

Ask for a copy of your medical record at the time of service. I’ve done it myself several times. For example, I had an MRI of my foot at an imaging center. I asked for a copy of it on CD and after waiting only 15 minutes, I received a copy for free (I cannot guarantee it will be free.) I have it in my health file at home just in case I ever need that MRI for a future medical consultation.

Finally, the media is picking up on the importance of this issue, not just for the sake of patients being in charge of themselves, but to increase patient safety. See WSJ article, How to Take Charge of Your Medical Records

I can almost guarantee there are errors in your medical records. You’ll want the chance to correct those so that misdiagnoses or other medical mistakes don’t follow you from provider to provider, often without your knowledge. It’s a mistake to rely on your medical provider’s electronic medical records for this reason alone.

In case you’re wondering if you are entitled to copies of your medical records, see this http://www.mbc.ca.gov/Consumers/Access_Records.aspx You have a legal right to copies of your medical records. In California the requirement is within 15 days.

You can scan your records onto a flash drive or some other means of storage that is portable. If you choose an online cloud-based storage platform via apps or websites, you run the risk of your records being hacked or mined for data without your permission. If you choose to go this route, be mindful of selecting a very secure cloud-storage platform, if secure is even possible right now.

Personally, I choose to house copies of my medical records without any connection to the internet. It might sound old school but it’s the safest way until internet security can be absolutely guaranteed.

 

For more information, please visit www.thetakechargepatient.com